Michel-Pierre Chelini and Muriel Perisse (Univ. of Artois, France), Christine Noël-Lemaître (Univ. of Aix-Marseille, France), and Ciprian Panzaru (Univ. of Timisoara, Romania) (Web)
Venue: Catholic University of Paris
Proposals by: 15.06.2023
Wages are important and form 40% of global GDP. In advanced countries, they represent 50% of GDP, two-thirds of companies‘ added value and about as much of gross primary household income. They are increasing with economic development and on the planet, the importance of employees is increasing and reflects the gradual institutionalization of the labour market. In the choice of a profession for young people, the salary represents one of the elements of the decision, even if the latter takes into account other components such as the regional training offer, the cultural habits of the family, and the conditions of work. etc. Salaries and wages, which concern 80 to 90% of working people in advanced countries and 30 to 40% of those in emerging countries, are very diversified and generally organized in established or implicit salary grids with numerous classifications according to qualification, seniority and responsibilities and it is generally accepted that engineers, for example, are paid more than unskilled workers. However, this dispersion is increasingly questioned: between the upper and lower deciles (D9/D1) or percentiles (C99/C10), between juniors and seniors, and especially between men and women (from 5% to 35% depending on the country).
Although a large part of the gaps can be explained by differences in diplomas, jobs or working hours, this diversity questions the intellectual world and the society since the 19th century and the industrial revolution (Ricardo, Marx) as well as the contemporary public in its relationship to equality. In fact, is it a statistical dispersion with classic and identifiable biases or real and factual inequalities? The treatment and evaluation of this subject are not neutral and can direct societies towards turbulent dissatisfaction in the event of worsening inequalities or prepare the ground for a certain social appeasement in the case of wage remediation policy. Read more and source … (Web)