Editors: Amy Slaton and Carol Ressler Lockman
Deadline: November 1, 2012
Amy Slaton and Carol Ressler Lockman invite historians of science, technology, and medicine; and scholars in science and technology studies, anthropology, the visual arts, cultural studies, and related fields to submit essays for an edited volume on the historical and cultural meanings of new materials. The resulting collection, focused on the creation, testing, and definition of materials in all historical settings, will be published in the Hagley Perspectives on Business and Culture series of the University of Pennsylvania Press and edited by Amy Slaton (Drexel University).
The processes by which materials are developed and deployed provide a powerful lens on industrial cultures. The means by which materials are regularized for production and use-their quality analyzed and controlled, their behaviors predicted-are particularly revelatory of epistemic and cultural commitments. This collection seeks to compile papers on the processes (broadly defined) through which the materials of interest to commerce are distinguished, their nature and value established, and authoritative expertise in industrial settings asserted. Cases from any historical setting or period, and addressing any materials encountered or produced in industrial, scientific, technical, agricultural or medical contexts (whether in „expert“ or „lay“ hands) are welcome.
We believe that the formulation of scientific and technological knowledge; organizations of factory, farm, or laboratory labor; and prevailing conceptions of efficiency, luxury, physical ability, gender, race, health, humanness, sustainability, and environmental justice are all revealed in the histories of industrial materials. Knowledge systems ranging from self-identified scientific and technical expertise to tacit aesthetic or moral criteria all shape the design and use of materials, and all that counts as useful or rigorous understanding of materials in a given setting-whether embodied in formal standards and instrumentation or in ascriptions of expertise–can be seen to reflect the social relations inherent in industrial production.
The testing of materials poses questions of particular interest for this collection. These include questions of verisimilitude: By what means are synthetic foods, textiles, building materials, skin or bone determined to be sufficiently like „naturally occurring“ substances? Or: How is the test of an industrial product or process determined to replicate conditions of use? They also include questions of definition: How does materials testing help delineate one substance from another, to define a discrete object of commercial investment and distribution? An object that can be named, and subject to proprietary handling? Finally, the history of materials testing may reveal where and how a given culture defines that which it believes to be natural or artificial, safe or unsafe, precisely or imprecisely measured, real or imagined; why such binaries emerge; and who attains the authority to draw such distinctions. All of these matters and others will be welcome subjects for proposals.
Essays should not exceed 10,000 words (exclusive of endnotes), and must be received for consideration by November 1, 2012. Interested scholars are urged to contact the editor prior to submission to discuss their planned essays. Please address inquiries to Amy Slaton at firstname.lastname@example.org .
Carol Ressler Lockman
PO Box 3630
Wilmington DE 19807